Bộ bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD có đáp án
Bộ bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD
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Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16
Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.
1. a. world b. wonder c. theory d. proceed
2. a. pyramid b. spiral c. private d. recycle
3. a. weather b. treasure c. great d. jealous
4. a. raised b. ranked c. surpassed d. laughed
5. a. suggest b. century c. upon d. bury
II. LANGUAGE FOCUS
A. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
6. The structure consisted ______ approximately 2 million blocks of stone,
a. on b. with c. of d. in
7. The Great Pyramid ranked ______ the tallest structure on earth for more than 43 centuries.
a. in b. of c. at d. as
8. The purpose of the pyramid was to protect the burial chamber ______ the weather.
a. for b. from c. of d. in
9. The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the, famous man-made wonders of the world.
a. artificial b. natural c. modern d. enternal
10. The Great Pyramid was only ______ in height in the nineteenth century AD.
a. proposed b. promoted c. improved d. surpassed
11. There are rumors of buried ______ in that old house.
a. belongings b. tomb c. treasure d. chamber
12. Each tower of the Ponagar Towers was ______ to a different god.
a. dedicated b. distributed c. delivered d. contributed
13. The Great Wall is China's most popular ______.
a. construction b. attraction c. impression d. contribution
14. A visit to the Great Wall will certainly bring tourists great ______ in each step of the wall.
a. excite b. exciting c. excitement d. excited
15. The Great Wall of China is considered one of the greatest wonders in the world ______ its magnificence and significance.
a. in spite of b. because c. instead of d. thanks to
A. Fill in each blank space with one appropriate from the box..
visible network conservative Astronauts monument
structure discernible designated measured dispelled
The Great Wall is probably China's best-known (31) ______ and one of its mast popular tourist destinations. In 1987 it was (32) ______ a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The Great Wall is not a single, continuous (33) ______. Rather, it consists of a (34) ______ of walls and towers that leaves the frontier open in places. Estimates of the total length of the monument vary, depending on which sections are included and haw they are (35) ______. The Great Wall is about 2,400 km (about 1,500 mi) long, according to (36) ______ estimates. Other estimates cite a length of 6,400 km (4,000 mi), or even longer. Some long-standing myths about the wall have been (37) ______ in recent decades. The existing wall is hat several thousand years old, nor is it, as has been widely asserted, (38) ______ with the naked eye from outer space. ((39) ______ have confirmed this. However, same of the wall is (40) ______ in special radar images taken by satellites.)
B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.
The ruined temples of Angkor are perhaps one of the mast impressive Seven Wonders of the World. Located in modern day Cambodia near Lake TonIe Sap, the largest freshwater lake in Asia, Angkor was the seat of power for the Khmer Empire from the ninth to the fifteenth century. The ruins of Angkor are d9cumented as same. of the mast impressive ones in the world, rivaling the pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Why this mighty civilization died out is a question that archeologists are now only beginning to ponder. The answer, it turns out, may be linked with the availability of fresh water.
One possible explanation far the downfall of the Khmer Empire has to do with the inhabitants irrigation system. The temple and palaces of Angkor were constructed around a series of artificial reservoirs and canals which were annually flooded to capacity by the Mekong River. Once filled, they were used to irrigate the surrounding rice patties and farmland during the course of the year. Farmers were completely dependent upon the water for their crucial rice crop. Without consistent irrigation, the farmers would have been unable to maintain functional crop production.
Scientists speculate that toward the end of the Khmer Empire the hydraulic systems of the reservoirs and canals broke down. The construction of hundreds of sandstone temples and palaces required an enormous amount of physical labor. In addition, as the capital of the Khmer Empire, Angkor contained upwards of one hundred thousand people who resided in and around Angkor. In order to feed so many people, the local farmers were driven to grow food quicker and more efficiently. After centuries of continual use, the irrigation system was pushed beyond its capacity. Soil erosion, nutrient depletion, and the loss of water led to decrease in the food supply. With less food available, the people of Angkor slowly began to migrate to other parts of Cambodia thus leaving the marvelous city of Angkor to be swallowed by the jungle. Therefore, it is speculated that the Khmer Empire may have fallen victim to its own decrepit infrastructure.
41. What is the passage mainly about?
a. Modern day agricultural procedures in Cambodia.
b. A possible explanation for the, decline of a civilization.
c. The essential role water plays in farming.
d. Religious temples of the ancient Khmer Empire.
42. The passage preceding the passage most likely discusses ______.
Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD có đáp án
Choose the word that has the main stress is placed differently from that of the others.
1. a. wonder b. pyramid c. treasure d. belongings
2. a. surpass b. spiral c. propose d. mysterious
3. a. theory b. chamber c. consist d. structure
4. a. architect b. attraction c. museum d. construct
5. a. satellite b. artificial c. heritage d. ancient
II. LANGUAGE FOCUS
A. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentences or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
6. In 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a World Heritage _____ UNESCO.
a. with b. to c. of d. by
7. We are all keen ______ taking a trip to the Great Wall of China.
a. to b. on c. of d. in
8. We had to ______ the noise from the building site next door for three months.
a. give up b. stand up to c. put up with d. look up to
9. Remember to take all your personal ______ from the overhead locker when you leave the airplane.
a. belongings b. treasure c. wealth d. profits
10. The structure ______ of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing about 2. 5 tons.
a. included b. consisted c. contained d. combined
A. Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space.
The building of the pyramid in Ancient Egypt obviously (36) ______ a vast labour force, but the (37) ______ image of gangs of Egyptians being forced to work is probably incorrect. In fact it seems that though prisoners of war did some of the heavy work and the maintenance jobs, most of the (38) ______ labourers were farmers who worked during the flood periods when farming was (39) ______ anyway. The labourers were probably paid (40) _____ food - because money did not yet (41) _____ and organised in groups with (42) _____ names such as 'Hardworking Gang' or 'Strong Gang'. (43) ______ the traditional picture of thousands of slaves being struck with whips is unlikely to be "true, paintings do show supervisors carrying metre-long sticks which were not simply (44) ______ of office. One architect, Nekhebu, (45) ______ that he never hit a workman (46) ______ enough to knock him down. The Greek historian Herodotus gave traditional figures for the work force of one of the pyramids as 100;000 men replaced (47) ______ three months for a period of 20 years. It is impossible to prove or disprove these figures, but they had doubtless been (48) ______ overestimated. Housing that was found in the desert (49) ______ the west of one of the pyramids would have accommodated a (50) ______ work force of no more than 4000.
36. a. consumed b. required c. requested d. demanded
37. a. common b. normal c. popular d. usual
B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.
Taj Mahal, a mausoleum in Agra, India, regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had it built in memory of his wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal (Persian for "Elect of the Palace"), who died in 1631.
Building commenced about 1632. The mausoleum was complete by about 1643 and the surrounding complex of buildings and gardens was complete by about 1653. Situated on the southern bank of the Yamuna River, the white marble mausoleum is composed of four identical facades, each containing a large central arch 33 m (108 ft) high. A large bulb-shaped dome, over 73 m (240 ft) tall, rises over the center, with four smaller domes surrounding it. The building is raised on a square podium with a minaret at each corner. It is flanked by two red sandstone buildings-a mosque and its replica, the Jawab (Answer), a building of which the main function is visual balance. Visitors approach the Taj Mahal through an imposing red sandstone gate, decorated with inscriptions from the Muslim holy book, the Qur'an (Koran). The gate and accompanying walls also contain a vast, geometrically laid out garden, 305 m (1,002 ft) on each side. The enclosed garden, itself a Muslim symbol of paradise, is centered on a large, raised pool. Canals divide it into four equal parts, each containing flower beds, fountains, and cypress trees (symbols of death).
Inside theTaj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal stands at the center of an octagonal hall, while the slightly larger tomb of Shah Jahan, who died in 1666, is off to one side. Both are elaborately carved and inlaid with semiprecious stones, illuminated by sunlight filtering through an elaborately carved marble screen that is also studded with jewels.
51. What is the Taj Mahal?
a. A temple b. A monument c. A tomb d. A shrine
52. Which of the following is not true?
a. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughah emperor Shah Jahan.
b. It took approximately 20 years to complete the mausoleum.
c. The front of the building is similar in all sides.
d. The mausoleum has four domes around it.
53. The word 'minaret' in line 11 is closest in meaning to ______.
a. tower b. mosque c. altar d. statue
54. The Jawab ______.
a. is a mosque where people worship
b. has a main function of decorating.
c. was decorated with inscriptions from the Koran
d. was built by red stones
55. According to the passage, which of the following statements is false?
a. The garden of the Taj Mahal is a Muslim symbol of paradise.
b. In beauty of design and rich decorative detail, Taj Mahal is one of the best buildings in the world.
c. The Mughah emperor Shah Jahan died 35 years after his wife.
d. The tombs of Shah Jahan's and his wife are located at the center of the mausoleum.
A. From the four word or phrase - a, b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentence.
56. Of all the monarchs in French history, the infamous. Louis XIV is the one ______.
a. with whom the public is most familiar
b. whom with the public is most familiar
c. that the public is familiar the most
d. the public is most familiar with
57. ______ perhaps the most awe inspiring among the great structures of the world.
a. The Great Wall of China b. The Great Wall of China is
c. That The Great Wall of China is d. The Great Wall of China which is
58. On an untimed test, to answer accurately is more important than ______.
a. a quick finish b. you finish quickly
c. finishing quickly d. to finish quickly
59. No matter ______, Mozart was an accomplished composer while still a child.
a. how it seems remarkable b. how remarkable it seems
c. it seems remarkable how d. how seems it remarkable
60. _____ millions of galaxies exist in the vast space outside the Milky Way.
a. That is estimated. b. An estimate that
c. It is estimated that d. That the estimated
B. Choose the sentence - a, b, c or d - which is closest in meaning to the printed one.
61. He liked London very little and Vienna less.
a. He liked Vienna but not London
b. He thought Vienna was worse than London.
c. He liked Vienna more than London
b. He didn't like Vienna as much as London
62. She tends to lose her temper for no reason.
a. She has no reason so she loses her temper
b. She has no reason for tending to lose her temper.
c. She easily gets angry when there is a reason.
d. She often gets angry for no reason.
63. He seemed very reluctant to take my advice.
a. He seemed quite willing to take my advice.
b. It seemed he was not ready to give me advice.
c. It seemed he was not willing to take my advice.
d. He seemed very anxious to take my advice.
64. Scarcely had the man left when the bomb exploded.
a. The bomb had exploded before the man left.
b. No sooner had the man left than the bomb exploded.
c. The man left and had the bomb exploded.
d. The bomb went off because of the man
65. Bob outdoes his brother Paul in math.
a. Bob surpasses Paul in math.
b. Paul surpasses Bob in math
c. Bob always does Paul's math for him.
d. Paul and Mark make the same grade in math.
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